Presseinfo vom 25.02.2014
Pressemitteilung der EnergieAgentur.NRW
Ansprechpartner/in: Uwe H. Burghardt / Joachim Frielingsdorf
More energy is converted and used in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW)than in any other federal state. A wide range of energy-related expertise has grown out of its long tradition of exploiting natural resources. There is a tight network of research institutions in the region, along with a large number of companies who offer innovative energy products and services aimed at increasing energy efficiency and using renewable energies. NRW is the ideal location for many future-oriented companies - from the extraction of energy raw materials up the end user of the energy. In the EnergyAgency.NRW, the region has an instrument with a wide variety of competencies at its disposal to continue developing its leading position and achieving its energy-related goals (climate protection, conservation of resources, cost-effectiveness and supply reliability). (www.energieagentur.nrw.de)
The EnergyAgency.NRW manages the energy economy clusters called EnergyRegion.NRW (www.energieregion.nrw.de) and EnergyResearch.NRW "CEF.NRW" (www.cef.nrw.de). The EnergyAgency.NRW also offers energy-related advisory services in the form of initial and contracting consulting for companies and administrative bodies, as well as information and further training for specialists and private individuals. Training user behaviour is also part of the portfolio.
General subsidies: From 1988 to the end of 2007, around 700 million euros from the state and the European Union (ERDF programme) was spent on more than 60,000 assisted projects in the state's funding programme progres.nrw. These concerned the development, demonstration and market launch of innovative energy technologies as well as energy consulting. The funds provided attracted further investments of about 3.8 billion euros. From 2008 to 2013 a further 27,500 projects were funded to the tune of more than 100 million euros. (www.progres.nrw.de)
Share in German power and energy consumption: In 2013 about 25 per cent of the electricity consumption and around 12 per cent of the total end energy consumption (power, heat, mobility) in Germany was accounted for by renewable energies, three times as much as in 2003 in each case. Wind power ranks in first place when it comes to power generation from renewables, accounting for about 8 per cent of the gross power generation in Germany. It is followed by biomass (including biological household waste) with around 7 per cent, photovoltaics with 5 per cent and hydropower with 3 per cent. This means that renewables are, in all, the second most important energy generator after brown coal with 26 per cent. Then come hard coal at 20 per cent, nuclear energy at 15 per cent, as well as natural gas at 11 per cent. (www.bdew.de and www.ag-energiebilanzen.de, www.bmu.de and www.bmwi.de)
Jobs: According to the figures of the Federal Environment Ministry (BMU), nationwide the total sales achieved by manufacturing industry with renewable energy in 2012 amounted to about 22 billion euros and approximately 377,000 jobs were secured (of which around 270,000 were in the installation and use of power generation plants, 76,000 in the operation of heat generation facilities and 22,000 in the production of bio-fuels). About 9,000 jobs are assigned in the BMU statistics to publicly funded research and administration). The number of jobs in the production area of the renewable energy environment in NRW was around 34,000 in about 3,500 firms in the year 2012; according to IWR (International Economyforum Renewable Energy). The sales of the NRW companies in renewable plant and system engineering reached more than 7.5 billion euros.All together with Maintenance and Service there are more than 50,000 jobs in the renewable sector in NRW, according to the Federal Ministry of Environment. (www.iwr.de and www.umwelt.nrw.de and www.bmu.de)
Biomass: In NRW in 2012 biomass was used to generate 9,8 billion kWh or about 80 per cent of the useful heat and 5.2 billion kWh or just under 40 per cent of regenerative power. In addition around 352,000 tonnes of the renewable vehicle fuels were produced from biomass. In the field of agricultural biogas installations there were approximately 585 facilities in service with an installed electrical capacity of 250 MW at the end of 2012.
In the different value chains of solid, liquid and gaseous biomass, innovative projects for the more efficient utilisation of raw materials and by-products from agricultural, forestry and waste management sources are emerging at many locations in NRW. These are being initiated, moderated and accompanied by the EnergyAgency.NRW. Over 1,350 of those operating in the sector participate in the Biomass Network. The Network's homepage and the new Bioenergy Atlas.NRW give comprehensive information on the technologies, contacts and projects in the biomass sector. (www.biomasse.nrw.de und www.bioenergieatlas.nrw.de and www.iwr.de)
Fuel cells: The "Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Network NRW" supports in NRW the development of the highly efficient fuel cell technology and the incorporation of hydrogen as a storage media for fluctuating renewable energy sources in the context of the energy turnaround. Up to the end of 2013 the Network provided accompanying support to the initiation of around 110 fuel cell and hydrogen projects in North Rhine-Westphalia. For this purpose the state of NRW and the European Union (European Regional Development Fund – ERDF) have to date made available more than 115 million euros, with total investments of 195 million euros. A further 30 million euros will be available up to 2016 through the lead project "NRW Hydrogen HyWay". In addition other projects in NRW were accompanied with federal funds through the National Innovation Programme (NIP) and the Energy Storage Funding Initiative. The aim of the project is to reduce the specific costs, to increase the service life of the fuel cell components and systems, to build up a corresponding hydrogen infrastructure and hence to prepare a targeted market launch for this technology. In the meantime demonstration projects which involve users are being funded more extensively. It is therefore possible to support investments in a CHP system in NRW by covering up to 65 per cent of the extra cost. More than 400 mostly medium-sized companies and research institutes have joined together in the "Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Network NRW".With the Centre for Fuel Cell Technology (ZBT) in Duisburg and the Science Center Jülich (FZJ) the state of NRW also has research and development institutes which enjoy worldwide recognition and respect. (www.brennstoffzelle-nrw.de)
Greenhouse gasemissionsand climate protection: According to information from the State Agency for Nature, the Environment and Consumer Protection of NRW (LANUV) the greenhouse gas emissions have been reduced overall in NRW from 362.7 million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent in 1990 to 301 million t CO2eq in 2011. The pure CO2 emissions fell accordingly from 318 million tonnes in 1990 to 283 million tonnes in 2011. The total emissions are made up of 94.0 per cent carbon dioxide (CO2), 2.5 per cent methane (CH4) and 2.6 per cent laughing gas (N2O). 55 per cent of the greenhouse gas emissions arise in the energy sector. Other significant emission sectors are industry (18 per cent), transport (12 per cent) and households and small consumers (10 per cent). The areas of agriculture cause about 3 per cent and of waste about 0.3 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions in NRW. Worldwide about 34.5 billion t CO2eq were emitted in 2011. Of this, the 27 EU countries emit about 4.5 billion t CO2eq. Nearly one fifth of this quantity arises in the Federal Republic of Germany. Compared with other European countries, Germany occupied the first place in 2011 with a total of 916.5 million t CO2eq, and North Rhine-Westphalia was seventh with 301 million t CO2eq. After the worldwide financial and economic crisis in 2009 caused a serious fall in greenhouse gas emissions, a substantial rise was again recorded in 2010 followed by another fall in 2011. The complete greenhouse emissions inventory of LANUV for North Rhine-Westphalia up to 2011 can be found at (www.lanuv.nrw.de/klima/pdf/Treibhausgas_Emissionsinventar.pdf). An overall survey of the CO2 emissions covering a total of 65 countries can be retrieved as a so-called countries ranking on the internet (www.cerina.org/de/co2-2011).
Energy refurbishment of buildings: Energy-efficient buildings are trend-setting. From the beginning of 2006 to October 2013 about 100,000 loan applications with a volume of about 6.4 billion euros were approved across the region by the reconstruction bank Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) to finance the energy refurbishment of buildings. More than 335,000 housing units were thus modernised in NRW.In the same period about 86,000 applications were submitted for a grant for the energy refurbishment of buildings involving a financial volume of 89 million euros. In about 208,000 housing units in NRW it was thus possible to implement energy-related refurbishment measures.(www.energieagentur.nrw.de/modernisierung)
Energy savers NRW: From 2006 to 2013, 1,317 buildings were awarded the "Energy Saver NRW" plaque and 1,987 individual plaques were given. The NRW Climate Protection Ministry awards the plaque to buildings which are exemplary in their low energy consumption or their use of renewable energy.
Energy advisory services: In 2013, the engineers from the EnergyAgency.NRW conducted more than 1,000 initial and motivational consultations for industry and administrative bodies. There were more than 7,000 visitors to the NRW mobile information centre over 74 days. 112 municipalities or districts in NRW participate in the "European Energy Award" energy management programme, while 313 municipalities use the CO2 footprint tool.
In addition 1,364 building checks and 1,465 solar checks were performed by energy advisors and detailed energy saving advice was offered by engineers and architects in homes housing one or two families in 105 cases. On average, an energy building check triggered 7,500 euros and a solar check 5,700 euros of investment; in other words, these instruments alone were the initiator for investments of just under 20 million euros in the area of energy-related building modernisation in 2013. Since these initiatives were started, investments of more than 340 million euros have been triggered by about 56,000 checks. The contracting advisory service of EnergyAgency.NRW conducted 64 detailed consultations for companies and municipalities in North Rhine-Westphalia in 2013 as well as around 80 brief consultations, mostly by phone, on the subject of contracting. The main topics in the consultancy enquiries were savings contracting and the supply of energy from renewables and from combined power and heat generation (www.energieagentur.nrw.de)
EnergyDialogue.NRW: In 2013, 253 projects were listed in the EnergyAgency.NRW database under the heading "Energy Dialogue". Of these, 67 are brief consultations and 186 initial consultations, including both "genuine" consultations (approx. 80) and talks and information sessions (approx. 50), plus working groups, the chairing of round-table discussions and various media enquiries such as interviews and specialist articles.
As regards renewable energy sources the 253 consultations break down as follows: wind (51 per cent), biomass (15 per cent), photovoltaics (13 per cent), hydropower (9 per cent), solar thermal energy (3 per cent) and miscellaneous (9 per cent).
The advisory services provided to municipalities in 2013 included a total of 47 consultations. The main interest in the municipal consultations was normally the tension between identifying concentration areas on the one hand and the needs of nature, wildlife and landscape conservation on the other. In the 2nd half of the year there was a greater demand on the part of North Rhine-Westphalian municipalities, in addition to the subject mentioned, for advice on plant and building protection areas or problems related to flight and weather radar.
In 2013 a full 40 investors were advised on the implementation of their projects. Normally this concerned problems of licensing the relevant installations.
In 2013 around 35 consultations were conducted on the subject of public participation.
In all it can be said that in the 2nd half of 2013 the number of mediation procedures or dispute discussions increased. (www.energiedialog.nrw.de)
Energy-efficient construction: The "50 Solar Estates in NRW" show on the estate level the possibilities for active and passive solar energy use to generate heat and electricity and thus support the widespread introduction of solar and energy-saving construction.45 new estates and estates already existing have now been finished with more than 10,000 residents. 5 further estates are currently under construction and so NRW is the leading state in Europe for solar housing. (www.50-solarsiedlungen.de)
The project "100 Climate Protection Estates in NRW" was developed as a follow-up project to 50 Solar Estates in NRW and it is intended to consistently reduce heat-related CO2 emissions further in housing estates. To ensure this in new housing and refurbishment projects it is possible to use all technologies capable of cutting CO2. Specific requirements and parameters are given in the planning guidelines. In these climate protection estates the CO2 emissions from new buildings must – depending on the type of building – be 50-60 per cent below the requirements laid down by the new Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV 2009). 7 estates have been finished, 24 estates are currently under construction and a further 27 are planned. (www.100-klimaschutzsiedlungen.de)
Energy research: North Rhine-Westphalia is also in an excellent position when it comes to energy research: at more than 30 locations in universities and research institutions, teaching and research are conducted in all the relevant fields of energy technology. This expertise is a genuine location advantage for industry, also reflected in the settlement policy for industrial companies in our region. This potential has prompted the state's Ministry of Innovation, Science and Research to establish the Cluster EnergyResearch.NRW (CEF.NRW) as a contact point in all matters of energy research. CEF.NRW's interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary activities focus on the complex energy supply system as a whole. Taking as a basis the processes of primary energy conversion in the renewable and fossil domains, which are relevant to the energy turnaround, the power, heat and gas networks, and corresponding storage technologies are seen as a field of work. Special attention is paid to conversion processes between the different secondary energy sources, such as "power to gas", which are considered increasingly important in the relevant studies. Alongside the purely technological transformation, the energy turnaround presents a new kind of challenge for the design of the participation process for the general public. The aim is to provide scientific support and develop specific problem-solving strategies. Again the cluster sees a need for action here.
CEF.NRW aims at ensuring new technological and socio-economic knowledge is applied in practice more speedily than hitherto. For this purpose the cluster initiates research and development projects as part of a collaborative effort between research institutions and industry. In addition CEF.NRW acts as a transfer point to energy-related activities on the part of the EU and the federal government as well as a transfer point to energy-related social initiatives in NRW. CEF.NRW is managed by the EnergyAgency.NRW. (www.cef.nrw.de)
Energy information: The quarterly magazine "Innovation & Energy" now has more than 25,000 subscribers. The email newsletter is sent to almost 10,000 subscribers every 14 days. In addition there are special editions of the newsletter on particular topics. The internet site family under www.energieagentur.nrw.de is one of the most frequently visited sites in the energy domain. In 2013 alone the EnergyAgency.NRW registered 4,100,000 website call-ups and 833,000 visits. The Internet landscape also has 38 theme and target group portals which generate additional visitor flows. In all around one million calls to the portals of the EnergyAgency.NRW were registered in 2013.
The EnergyAgency's online media include 15 online tools.
With more than 180,000 visits in 2013 the calculators are among the most popular online services of the EnergyAgency.NRW. The most frequently used were the PV.Calculator [PV.Rechner] with more than 70,000 visits, Powercheck [Stromcheck] with around 60,000 and CHP.Check [BHKW.Check] with around 20,000. The online tools of the EnergyAgency also appear on partners' websites.
With the Förder.Navi (to locate funding opportunities) a new online tools was put into service in August 2013. In the year of its launch it registered around 10,000 visits.
Via the EnergyAgency.NRW website 56,785 brochures were downloaded as pdf files and 53,785 printed brochures were ordered by post.
Via the Twitter account @EANRW the EnergyAgency.NRW sends a number of tweets daily on the subject to around 4,500 followers. In addition the new Twitter accounts Energy Citizens (@Energiebuerger, 185 followers) und Heat Pumps NRW (@WP_NRW, 311 followers) were set up. In all more than 1,000 new followers were added in 2013. These include long-range multipliers who often pass on the EnergyAgency.NRW tweets (retweets).
The EA.TV films on the EnergyAgency.NRW YouTube channel registered around 138,000 viewings in 2013. In 2013, 18 new videos were produced and in all 87 films provide information on renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and climate protection in NRW. The films are also used by content partners such as the Telekom portal zuhause.de. There the films were viewed more than 110,000 times in 2013. In all this means there were 250,000 viewings of EA.TV films in 2013. (www.energieagentur.nrw.de)
Financing and business models: Since October 2013 the Financing and Business Model Department of EnergyAgency.NRW has been concerned with the development and propagation of assistance and financing opportunities as well as business models for projects involving renewable energy sources and energy efficiency services in NRW. This area of work encompasses the existing subject of contracting and citizens' energy facilities, in other words the financial involvement of the general public. In 2013 15 intensive project consultations and 20 talks were given on the subject of financial participation by the general public. In addition about 75 enquiries concerning brief consultations were answered definitively. A collection of projects relating to citizens' energy facilities in NRW now includes more than 135 sample projects. (www.energieagentur.nrw.de/buergerenergie).
Geothermal energy: Thesubject of geothermal energy is at present steadily growing in importance among the energy technologies. NRW, and more specifically the Ruhr Metropolis, plays a key role here as the base for numerous companies who are market leaders. Within the Ruhr Metropolis alone about 230 companies operate in the geothermal market. In NRW the geothermal sector creates about 4000 to 5000 jobs. With warm mine water sources in abandoned mines, NRW has a significant potential for building heating, a potential which is still to be tapped. Initial projects have already been implemented in Essen, Marl and at the Robert Müser mine.
With the North Rhine-Westphalian geothermal energy portal it is possible to gain fast and comprehensive access to information for ground-coupled heat pump systems.
For this purpose the geological and hydrogeological conditions were evaluated for each location in North Rhine-Westphalia with a view to the use of geothermal heat. This applies both with respect to near-surface geothermal collectors and to geothermal probes down to a depth of 100 metres. In addition to the efficiency of the two systems, the online portal also gives information on hydrogeologically critical areas where special attention must be paid to the practical drilling operations and the sustainable operation of the equipment in order to protect the groundwater. There is a "professional access" to the geothermal energy portal which enables specialists such as drilling companies, architects and planners to access more than 30,000 bore logs. In the new digital information system it is possible to retrieve, among other things, the "Map of site suitability of soils for the use of horizontal geothermal collectors", the "Geothermal map for geothermal probes NRW" and the map "Site assessment for the installation and operation of geothermal probes in terms of hydrogeology". (www.geothermie.nrw.de)
To promote deep geothermal projects the state of NRW has commissioned the Geological Service NRW to evaluate geological, hydrogeological and geophysical base data with a view to geothermal use. There already existsa geothermal-geological model to a depth of 5,000 metres for the whole of the Ruhr Region as well as assessment charts for deep geothermal probes, thermal sub-surface and enhanced geothermal systems (EGS). Municipalities, energy utilities and other investors can therefore receive advice from the Geological Service NRW in the run-up to planning operations with regard to the chances and risks of potential projects and locations. (www.energieagentur.nrw.de/geothermie and www.gd.nrw.de)
Information on the effect of the drilling project due to potential mining hazards can be obtained from the Arnsberg District Administration. (www.bezreg-arnsberg.nrw.de/themen/a/auskunft_bergbaul_situation)
Mine gas: The "NRW Mine Gas Initiative" is continuing to develop the technology of mine gas extraction and utilisation and is intensifying the technology transfer. In NRW there were, according to provisional figures, 93 mining authorisations for mine gas utilisation in 2013. At the end of 2013 the provisional figures indicate that there were 113 unit-type co-generation power plant modules as well as a turbine set in service with an electrical output totalling 176 megawatt. The 903 million kWh of power generated in 2013 alone is capable of supplying about 200,000 households. The total mine gas potential exploited resulted in a CO2 reduction of approximately 4.3 million tonnes in 2013. (www.wirtschaft.nrw.de)
Wood pellets: By means of targeted public relations, and with the help of state and federal funds, the number of wood pellet heating systems in use in NRW has risen substantially over the past few years: whereas in 2003 only 600 of such systems had been installed, by the end of 2013 just under 25,000 households in NRW were already being supplied with this climate-friendly heat. Nationwide, about 210,000 systems up to a capacity of 100 Kw had already been installed at the end of 2013. (www.aktion-holzpellets.de)
Power plant technologies: With an installed power plant capacity of approximately 38,000 MW, NRW is the most important power plant location in Germany, if not in Europe. Here 29 per cent of the German power requirement is generated and 28 per cent consumed. With BoA 2/3, RWE has erected in Grevenbroich-Neurath, North Rhine-Westphalia, the world's most modern brown-coal-fired units. In this project alone, with an investment volume of approximately 2.3 billion euros, about 50 per cent of the value remains in the region. Following the "Reference Power Plant NRW" concept, the power plant unit 10 of the Walsum power plant belonging to STEAG GmbH was erected and hard coal-fired power plants are being constructed worldwide with efficiency rates of up to 46 per cent. This means that it is possible to save 138 g CO2 per kWh as compared with the present average efficiency of 38 per cent. If all hard coal power plants in the world were to produce according to this standard, the CO2 emissions would be cut by approximately 30 per cent.
Major synergy effects are being obtained for the industry with the transfer of expertise to solar thermal tower power plants. There roughly 70 per cent conventional boiler technology is used in the power unit. In the German Aerospace Centre in Jülich innovations in this technology are being developed and tried out on a solar-thermal trial and demonstration power plant. (www.kraftwerkstechnik.nrw.de)
Combined heat and power generation: There is a major unexhausted potential in combined heat and power (CHP) generation. Industrial CHP in particular has attained relatively high fuel utilisation ratings and use hours. The main problem in implementing the technology with complete blanket coverage is the frequent lack or inadequate availability of heat sinks. The state government of North Rhine-Westphalia intends to increase the proportion of power generation accounted for by CHP as a central bridging technology from today´s 10 per cent to 25 per cent by 2020 – in accordance with the federal government´s proposals. For this purpose a comprehensive funding programming to the tune of 250 million euros covering several years has been launched. The aim is to eliminate investment obstacles to the expansion of CHP and to expand and condense the economically exploitable district heating infrastructure. Initially the state of NRW has given instructions for a potential study to highlight the economically feasible potentials of CHP in NRW. On this basis a feasibility study is currently being drawn up in which the prospects for district heating supply in the Ruhr Region up to 2050 are being examined more closely. The results have shown that in the Ruhr Region the largest district heating network in the EU can be created. In order to implement the programme a directive has been drawn up based on a subsidies system for CHP plants up to 50 kWel. A loan model exists for larger plants. Since 2013 it has therefore been possible to assist the construction of more than 800 additional small and medium-sized CHP plants in NRW from funds supplied by NRW and the EU. Furthermore an additional 1200 households were connected to the district heating grid. Municipalities in NRW are being given the opportunity in the form of a competition to enhance the share of power generation accounted for by CHP. Over 60 municipalities took part in this competition. 21 municipalities are now being given the opportunity, with the help of public assistance, to develop practice-oriented and implementable fine concepts in order to support the building up and expansion of the proportion of power generation In the municipalities accounted for by CHP. In addition a funding regulation for infrastructural measures relating to district heating networks is being drawn up. On behalf of the state government the EnergyAgency.NRW has launched the new campaign "CHP.NRW – Power Meets Heat" [KWK.NRW – Strom trifft Wärme]. The aim of this campaign is to publicise the technology and win support for its expansion. By means of the campaign, access to the energy-efficient principle of CHP will be made easier for interested members of the public in NRW, making it a climate protection instrument. Under the umbrella of "CHP.NRW – Power Meets Heat" a strong federation of companies and research institutions, associations and interest representatives is being formed to combine the activities in the field of combined heat and power generation and to intensify them. In the model region Innovation City Bottrop up to 100 CHP plants of different sizes are being tested with different heat standards. This project has also been supported by state and EU funds. (www.kwk-für-nrw.de)
Fuels and drives: NRW is not only a significant energy region, but also a major region for the production and consumption of fuels. Domestic refineries produce about 25 per cent of the crude oil consumed in Germany. The amount consumed by road traffic in NRW is approximately 9 million tonnes of oil annually. This is the equivalent of 20 per cent of national sales in Germany. One possibility for lowering CO2 emissions and protecting the climate is the use of alternative fuels and drives with renewable energy. About 378,000 tonnes of renewable fuels were produced from biomass in 2010. The biodiesel producers in, among others, Luenen, Luelsdorf, Neuss and Suedlohn are among the 15 largest producers in Germany. There are in all 9.9 million cars on NRW's roads. Although the proportion accounted for by alternative fuels (e.g. LPG, natural gas/biomethane, E85, hybrid or electric vehicles) is a candidate for expansion at 1.6 per cent, there are an increasing number of options for environmentally friendly mobility and its testing. NRW already has a good, state-wide filling station infrastructure for natural gas and LPG, which has been steadily expanded for a number of years. NRW is also a pioneer in the setting up of a need-based charging infrastructure for electrical and hybrid vehicles. The number of battery-driven vehicles leapt throughout Germany from 7,114 in 2012 to 13,165 in 2013. This is expressed in the number of new vehicle licences issued: there were 5,606 new licences in Germany, and the proportion accounted for by NRW was 1,086 (19.4 per cent). In the case of hybrid vehicles the share accounted for by NRW was even greater: 24,286 newly licensed vehicles in Germany and 5,629 hybrid in NRW (23.2 per cent).
A portion of these vehicles, including plug-in hybrids, are used in assisted projects. This applies in particular with respect to the Model Region Electromobility Rhine-Ruhr, a large model region for sustainable mobility in Europe. Since 2009 approximately 450 vehicles (including light passenger cars, electric scooters and bicycles, light commercial vehicles, hybrid buses and waste collection vehicles) have been purchased in numerous projects in Aachen, Cologne, Bochum, Düsseldorf, Krefeld and Essen. At the same time approximately 700 charging stations have been created. The electrical vehicles are undergoing practical trials with commercial, municipal and private users. Outside the research projects private and municipal initiatives are providing additional ideas relating to the procurement of electrified vehicles in combination with new business models. Mention should be made in this connection of the cities of Bonn, Wuppertal, Hagen, Solingen, Bielefeld and the Rhine-Sieg District.
In an inter-municipal working group experiences have been exchanged since 2012 on all the concerns of electromobility.
The "Fuels and Drives of the Future" network is mobilising all its forces along the entire value chain. The objective is to forge ahead with and establish in the region the sustainable use of future-proof fuels and drives as well as their forms of use for North 'Rhine-Westphalia. (www.kraftstoffe-der-zukunft.de)
Photovoltaics: In 2013 a total of about 3,300 megawatt peak (MWp) new capacity was installed. This meant that the installed capacity in Germany increased to about 35,500 MWp. In 2013 about 1.4 million photovoltaic plants generated about 29.7 billion kWh climate-friendly power. Photovoltaics therefore contribute about 4.8 per cent of German power generation. This quantity is sufficient in calculation terms to supply about 8.4 million households for one year with electrical energy.
As on a national level, in 2013 NRW more than halved new additions in photovoltaics, however: whereas the addition in 2012 was still 796 MWp, in 2013 it fell to approximately 350. This means that at the present time about 3,900 MWp capacity is installed in the state. NRW is therefore, in the national rankings, in third place behind Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg, but in terms of additional capacity in second place behind Bavaria.
The generation costs for roof-mounted solar power facilities are now 12 - 18 cent per kilowatt hour, and thus below the reference prices for domestic power. This means that the internal consumption of solar power is also attractive in economic terms at present. In the open field it has even be possible to produce for 7 - 9 cent per kilowatt hour, but because of the low remuneration or excessively high conditions for direct marketing, the open-field installation is no longer viable. Addition of capacity has in fact come to a stop.
The approximately 10,000 companies in the German photovoltaic industry employ around 60,000 people. In 2012 this figure was 100,000.
The campaign "Photovoltaics NRW – Solar Power for North Rhine-Westphalia" organised by the EnergyAgency.NRW provides information on the funding opportunities, projects, events and combinations possibilities for photovoltaics. It presents PV suppliers from the region, offers tools such as an online PV calculator, and so creates greater transparency for the interested citizen.(www.photovoltaik.nrw.de and www.solarwirtschaft.de)
Solar thermal energy: In all, about 1.9 million solar thermal systems with a panel area of more than 16.5 million square metres and a thermal capacity of approximately 11.5 gigawatt were installed in Germany at the end of 2013. This means that a solar heat generation level of over 6,000 GWh was generated, which is the equivalent of fuel cost savings to the tune of approximately 250 million euros. According to the Federal Solar Economy Association sales reached the 1 billion euro mark. (www.bsw-solar.de)
Heat pumps: "The heat pump – efficient heating, cooling and ventilation" – that's the motto of the NRW Heat Pump Market Place. Heat pumps save heating costs and protect the environment by utilising renewable environmental heat to a major extent. Environmental forms of energy, such as groundwater, geothermal energy or energy from the outside air are supplied by "Mother Nature" absolutely free of charge and can be used anywhere. The fact that it is also possible to provide inexpensive cooling with a heat pump is a further positive argument for many people. This is why around 30 per cent of the new structures in NRW, and also many existing buildings, are now heated using heat pumps. The 12 heat pump weeks held to date in NRW have been highly successful.In 2013 around 60,000 new heat pumps were installed in Germany, 12,000 of them in NRW. Of the 560,000 heat pumps installed nationwide, more than 112,000 (approx. 20 per cent) provide environmentally friendly heat in NRW. (www.waermepumpen-marktplatz-nrw.de)
Hydropower: The use ofhydropower to generate energy is able to make a worldwide contribution to the reduction of climatic problems. The technically usable potential of hydropower is estimated in NRW today at 800 GWh/a electricity, of which 200 GWh/a have to date not been exploited, however.The office for hydropower at the EnergyAgency.NRW provides information and consultancy. Against the background of the EC framework water directive, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia is endeavouring to expand hydropower in a way which does not harm the water ecology by reactivating and optimising installations and by using hydroelectric technology on existing dam and infrastructural installations. The NRW state government has to date funded 191 plants with a total capacity of around 18.5 megawatt. The total assistance amounting to approx. 13 million euros has attracted further investments of more than 51 million euros. (www.wasserkraft.nrw.de)
Further training: Within the framework of the "Power Efficiency" programme, the EnergyAgency.NRW offers a wide range of further training events for various target groups. In January 2013 the new project "KlimaKidz – Climate Change and Renewable Energy" was launched for pupils in the 5th and 6th grades at secondary schools. By the end of the year around 2,600 school students in NRW had taken part. More than 1,300 participants attended the specialist seminars on a wide range of energy topics. The courses offered by the "E-Fit Action Week", which serves to raise the energy awareness of people who work in office buildings, involved more than 6,000 employees; experience shows that these actions can directly save five to ten per cent of the electrical energy without any loss of comfort. "mission E" is a concept for the enduring motivation of employees to behave in an energy-aware fashion and in December 2013 it again received an award. With this the EnergyAgency.NRW managed to reach a total of about 280,000 people in 2013. (www.energieagentur.nrw.de)
ENFOLIO, a participatory content management and authoring system, went online in 2013. ENFOLIO offers speakers, lecturers and teachers the opportunity to upload their own presentations and slides, and to edit, evaluate and discuss existing material. The almost 4000 registered users have been able to access a pool of over 1600 documents.
In the field of "energy-efficient and solar construction" it has been possible to reach 640 expert participants and more than 1600 end consumers with the 53 event concepts and modules. A further 5180 people attended the events and talks in 2013. (www.energieagentur.nrw.de)
Wind energy: In 2013 about 35,476 MW new wind energy capacity was installed worldwide. This means that the additions were substantially below the level of the previous year 2012 (approx. 45,000 MW). The most important market is China, accounting for nearly half the total addition in 2013 (Source: Global Wind Statistics 2013; GWC). In Germany around 1,294 new wind turbines with a capacity of 3,586 MW were erected in 2013. Nationwide this means that at the end of 2013 about 23,864 wind turbines with a capacity of around 34,654 MW had been installed. (Source: Windenergie in Deutschland-2013; DEWI)
In NRW alone, about 3,000 wind turbines were turning in 2013, providing an installed capacity of more than 3,400 MW. NRW thus continues to occupy the 5th place for installed wind energy capacity among all the federal states of Germany, behind Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt and Schleswig-Holstein. In 2012, power generation from wind in Germany amounted to around 50 billion kWh. This means that wind turbines produced around 8 per cent of Germany's total power consumption, and they could cover the consumption of around 13 million households. The export rate of German wind turbine manufacturers was, according to figures from the engineering association VDMA, around 67 per cent in 2012.
The Wind Power Network NRW offers companies, research institutions and political representatives a platform where they can exchange views and provide major ideas for future key topics. The Network is this organising the "Innovation & Research Working Group", where new research topics will be identified. (www.windkraft.nrw.de)
For the areas of Innovation and Networks
EnergyAgency.NRW; Rossstrasse 92, 40476 Duesseldorf
Telephone: +49 (0)211 / 8 66 42 - 0; Telefax: +49 (0)211 / 8 66 42 - 22
Director: Dr. Frank-Michael Baumann
Press Spokesman for Innovation and Networks:
Uwe H. Burghardt M.A. - Telephone: +49 (0)211 / 8 66 42 - 13
For the areas of Energy Advisory Services and Further Training:
EnergyAgency.NRW; Kasinostr. 19-21, 42103 Wuppertal
Telephone: +49 (0)202 / 2 45 52 - 0; Telefax: +49 (0)202 / 2 45 52 - 30
Director: Lothar Schneider
Head of Communication and Press Spokesman:
Dr. Joachim Frielingsdorf - Telephone: +49 (0)202 / 2 45 52 -19
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